beans and climbing beans are wonderful additions to the yearly cycle
of planting in an organic vegetable. They are one of the most
productive crops you can grow for the space used and the flavour of
sweet bush beans and climbing beans are sensational.
blog describes some of the key things you need to know for growing
your own great tasting beans. Also have a look at my movie on growing
bush and climbing beans to accompany this blog. It is set in my back
vegetable garden bed which has two rows of beans underway, one for
bush beans and the other for climbing beans. Although the plants are
quite young in both beds, we are harvesting from them daily. You can
do the same.
bush bean is a plant which grows in a small bush, no greater than
70cm high. The bush is usually quite round in shape and very compact.
Climbing beans will run along the ground, but are best directed to a
climbing frame as they shoot out tendrils (runners) as they grow,
which grip onto climbing frames. Climbing beans allow you to use the
air for growing space, so they greatly increase your food production
from the garden bed space you have.
are a large number of varieties of bush and climbing beans. We have
many listed in our Gardener subscriber web site and you will also
find different varieties in your organic seed seller catalogues. I
suggest experimenting with different varieties for a few years until
you find the ones you like the best and thrive in your garden.
first thing to consider is planting at the right time of the year for
your climate to get the best crop. Beans are sensitive to
temperatures like most vegetables. If you plant too early when its a
bit cool, they will grow very slowly and struggle to fruit. If you
plant too late and its too hot, they will get burnt before having the
chance to establish their root system and most likely die or be
consumed by insects.
if you plant at the right time, they will grow very fast and you will
have a crop in no time. To extend your cropping time, its important
to work with the ideal months to plant. Our Gardener subscriber
planting calendar uniquely does this for you no matter where you live
in Australia, NZ or the USA. Stage your planting with multiple crops
during ideal growing periods to extend your harvest times. By doing
this, we can harvest beans from our garden for about 5 months.
use organically certified seeds to ensure you give the plants the
best start. The seedlings should come up in about 5-10 days depending
on temperatures. I suggest you also save seeds. Both the bush and
climbing bean crops you see in the movie are from seeds we saved from
last years crop.
can plant your beans directly into your garden beds if you have good
compost to get them underway and you know the local animals are not
too familiar with your vegie patch. Otherwise start them in trays and
plant they out when they are about 3-5cm high. If you are planting
them directly in your garden bed, make sure you have your climbing
frames in place before you put the seeds into the ground, that's if
you have climbing varieties. I find climbing varieties to be bigger
producers than bush varieties. The higher you can make the peas climb
and get good sun, the more they will flower and fruit.
the beans are grown for their fruiting, its important that you put
them in a sunny position in your garden. If its too shady, they will
grow but not flower or fruit or be stunted. Take note of the position
of the sun during the year when deciding on the position in your
garden. We have some detailed instructional material on this in
Gardener subscriber kit. You can also help the seed strike rate and
health of the beans by planting them on a fruit day according to the
planets. You can easily find this out on our Gardener subscriber
planting calendar search by day.
detailed information on soil requirements, cultivating, companion
planting, crop rotation and pest and disease management for growing
bush and climbing beans is provided in our Gardener subscriber site.
This post has been translated into Estonian here (http://webhostinggeeks.com/science/blog-latestposts-et
– Peter Kearney – www.cityfoodgrowers.com.au